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Alternatively, intimidation may result from the type of society in which individuals are socialized, as human beings are generally reluctant to engage in confrontation or threaten violence.
Like all behavioral traits it exists in greater or lesser manifestation in each individual person over time, but may be a more significant "compensatory behavior" for some as opposed to others.
In witness intimidation, the intent is to discourage the victim from reporting a crime to police or from cooperating with prosecutors, whereas in repeat victimization, the motive is often acquisitive. Preventing Gang and Drug-Related Witness Intimidation.
The employer appealed to the EAT, which upheld the ET’s decision.In the recent case of Force One Utilities v Hatfield, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) held that it was appropriate to debar the employer from taking any further part in the Tribunal proceedings and to strike out its response, after one of the employer’s witnesses intimidated the claimant outside the Tribunal building, following a hearing on 26 April 2007.The witness, Mr Shuter, was an executive director of an associated company of Force One Utilities and had played a key role in handling the unfair dismissal case on behalf of the employer.Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury."Threat of harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage..or instance of injury, or a material and detriment or loss to a person." Threatening behaviors may be conceptualized as a maladaptive outgrowth of normal competitive urge for interrelational dominance generally seen in animals.